Section 522 of the Benefits Improvement and Protection Act (BIPA) created the term "local coverage determination" (LCD). An LCD is a decision by a Medicare administrative contractor (MAC), fiscal intermediary or carrier whether to cover a particular service on a MAC-wide, intermediary wide or carrier-wide basis in accordance with Section 1862(a)(1)(A) of the Social Security Act (i.e., a determination as to whether the service is reasonable and necessary). The difference between LMRPs and LCDs is that LCDs consist of only "reasonable and necessary" information, while LMRPs may also contain benefit category and statutory exclusion provisions.
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