In 2017, the PQRS Program was replaced with the Quality Payment Program (QPP) with the purpose of rewarding providers for delivering high quality care by moving away from fee-for service payment models to pay-for-performance models that are intended to reward more efficient and effective clinicians and limit the potential billing abuses inherent in a fee-for-service setting.

For clinicians that are required to participate in QPP, there are two participation pathways to compliance: