by Raquel Shumway
November 7th, 2018
Medi-Cal covers Pediatric Cribs, Pediatric Beds and Adult Hospital Beds and accessories when documentation clearly shows medical necessity.
Examples of hospital bed accessories listed:
- trapeze equipment
- bed cradle
- side rails
- safety enclosures
Medi-Cal states, "If any combination of the mattress and/or bedrail codes (E0271, E0272, E0305, and E0310 is billed separately, no more than the allowed amount for bed codes E0303, E0304, E0328, or E0329 will be paid. (parenthesis added)
Coverage Criteria for Hospital Beds for Adults
|Fixed Height||Recipient must meet at least one of the following:
|Requirements: Must meet the requirements in both columns|
|Variable Height||Fixed Height||requires height adjustment to transfer to
|Heavy-Duty Extra-Wide||Fixed Height||Weight is 351-600 pounds|
|Fixed Height||Weight is 601+ pounds|
|Total Electric||This type is for convenience purposes only and not covered by Medi-Cal|
- Documentation must be completed by licensed practitioner
- Treatment Authorization Request (TAR) accompanied by the prescription signed by physician or an electronic equivalent
- Clinical documentation must:
- describe medical condition
- frequency of symptoms necessitating the bed
- therapeutic outcome expected
- availability of a caregiver
- recipient's level of independence to operate the bed
Criteria for Pediatric Crib:
Criteria for Pediatric Beds:
Most pediatric medical conditions do not require specialized home furnishings as prescribed medical treatment. It is reasonable to expect parents or legal caregivers of infants and children to provide an appropriate bed and bed care items necessary for comfort and positioning. However, a hospital or specialized bed and related accessories may be medically necessary for pediatric recipients when the nature and severity of their illness, injury, or disease meets all of the following medical criteria:
- The hospital bed is necessary to treat the medical condition as documented in the medical record.
- The hospital bed is expected to produce a positive medical outcome which would not occur without the bed, or will prevent complications or worsening of the medical condition for which it is prescribed.
- The desired medical benefit is not attainable by use of an ordinary bed.
- An ordinary bed cannot be modified or adapted by commercially available items to meet the medical need.
Enclosed cribs or enclosed pediatric beds may be medically necessary for recipients with diagnosis of developmental delay when the nature and severity of their illness, injury, or disease meets all of the following medical criteria:
- The behavioral necessity for an enclosed bed is documented and described in the medical record.
- There is clinical documentation that underlying behavioral issues have been proactively addressed with appropriate behavioral interventions and modification without success.
- Other less restrictive forms of bed restraint/accommodations have been employed without adequate success (such as increased caregiver monitoring, alarm systems, padding bed rails or placing mattress on the floor).
- An ordinary bed cannot be modified or adapted by commercially available items to meet the child’s needs.
- There is no other appropriate and reasonably feasible alternative method for providing safe bed/sleep care.
- The request for the enclosed bed is not for caregiver convenience or due to lack of caregiver monitoring of recipient’s safety.
Requests for hospital beds and accessories for children case managed by California Children’s Services (CCS) are reviewed by CCS for medical necessity for treatment of a CCS-eligible medical condition per California Code of Regulations, Title 22, Sections 41515.1 – 41518.9.