Prohibition of Assignments by Beneficiaries

by  Find-A-Code
July 17th, 2015

A. Basic Prohibition

Except as provided in subsection B, carriers pay only the beneficiary (or beneficiary legal representative or representative payee) benefits payable directly to the beneficiary FIs do not send money directly to beneficiaries, they must require providers they pay to refund monies to beneficiaries when circumstances so warrant (i.e., when a provider has collected money from a beneficiary for a demand-billed service that is later found to be covered by Medicare). This prohibition does not, of course, apply to payment under an assignment of benefits by the beneficiary to the physician or other supplier who furnished the services or to a qualified reassignee, e.g., a hospital.

B. Exceptions

• Payment to a Government Agency. The law does not preclude the Medicare program from paying the benefits due a beneficiary to a governmental agency or entity. However, see §30.2.1 for the effect of the requirements of the Assignment of Claims Act.

• Payment Pursuant to Court Order. The Medicare program may make payment of amounts due a beneficiary, in accordance with an assignment established by, or pursuant to the order of, a court of competent jurisdiction. The assignment must satisfy the conditions in §§30.2.

• Payment to Agent. The Medicare program may make payment in the name of the provider to an agent who furnishes billing or collection services. The payment arrangement between the provider and an agent must meet the same requirements as the payment arrangement between a physician and an agent. (See §30.2.4 for payment to an agent of a physician.)

• Indirect Payment. A carrier may make payment of amounts due a beneficiary to an entity which:

o Provides coverage of the service under a health benefits plan but only to the extent that payment is not made under Part B (i.e., the coverage which the plan provides is complementary to Medicare and covers only the amount by which the Part B payment falls short of the charge approved under the plan for the service);

o Pays the person who provided the service (or his/her reassignee under §§30.2.6 - 30.2.8) an amount (including the Part B benefit) which that person accepts as full payment; or

o Has the written authorization of the beneficiary (or beneficiary representative) to receive the Part B payment.

Pub 100-04 Medicare Claims Processing Manual


Prohibition of Assignments by Beneficiaries. (2015, July 17). Find-A-Code Articles. Retrieved from

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